CSAT+MAINS(IAS,IPS)

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Civil Services Examination (Mains)

General Studies Syllabus

The syllabus has undergone major changes from 2013 onwards.

Civil Services New Mains Format
Paper Subject Marks
Paper A (One of the Indian languages listed in Group2 below, to be selected by the candidate) (Qualifying) 300
Paper B English (Qualifying) 300
Paper I Essay 250
Paper II General Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society) 250
Paper III General Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations) 250
Paper IV General Studies III (Technology, economic development, bio-diversity, environment, security and disaster management) 250
Paper V General Studies IV(ethics, integrity and aptitude) 250
Papers VI,

And VII

Two papers on subject to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjectsfrom Group 1 listed below (250 marks for each paper) 500
Sub Total (Written Test) 1750
Personality Test (Interview) 275
Total Marks 2025

 

 General Studies Paper – I

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors or contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

 General Studies Paper – II

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

 

General Studies Paper – III

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

 

General Studies Paper – IV

(Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Optional Subjects for Civil Services Main Exam

Following is the complete list of optional subjects for civil services main examination. You have to opt for any one subject.

Optional paper consists of two papers of 250 marks each.

Group 1

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  3. Anthropology
  4. Botany
  5. Chemistry
  6. Civil Engineering
  7. Commerce and Accountancy
  8. Economics
  9. Electrical Engineering
  10. Geography
  11. Geology
  12. History
  13. Law
  14. Management
  15. Mathematics
  16. Mechanical Engineering
  17. Medical Science
  18. Philosophy
  19. Physics
  20. Political Science and International Relations
  21. Psychology
  22. Public Administration
  23. Sociology
  24. Statistics
  25. Zoology

Group 2

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English

Note: You can opt for the literatures of a language as an optional subject, only if you have graduated in the literature of that particular language as the main subject.

How to Apply

Candidates are required to apply online using the website http://www.upsconline.nic.in Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the abovementioned website.
Fee
Candidates ( Female/SC/ST/PH Candidates are exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees One Hundred only) either by remitting the money in any Branch of SBI by Cash, or by using net banking facility of State Bank of India / State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur/State Bank of Hyderabad/State Bank of Mysore / State Bank of Patiala /State Bank of Travancore or by using Visa/Mastercard Credit/Debit Card.
Exam Dates and Schedule

Tentative dates are

Notification of Examination                                                           APRIL/ MAY

Last Date of Receipt of Application Form                                    LAST WEEK OF JUNE

Date of Preliminary Examination                                                  SEPTEMBER

Declaration of Preliminary ExaminationResults                        OCTOBER

Date of Main Examination                                                             DECEMBER

Declaration of Main Examination Results                                  APRIL/ MAY
Examination Centers

Agartala                                             Dehradun                                          Kochi Sambalpur
Ahmadabad                                      Delhi                                                  KohimaShillong
Aizawl                                                Dharwar                                             Kolkata Shimla
Allahabad                                          Dispur                                                Lucknow Srinagar
Aligarh                                               Gangtok                                             Madurai Thiruvananthapuram
Aurangabad                                      Hyderabad                                        Mumbai Tirupati
Bangalore                                         Imphal                                                Nagpur Udaipur
Bareilly                                               Itanagar                                             Panaji(Goa) Vishakhapatnam
Bhopal                                               Jaipur                                                 Patna
Chandigarh                                     Jammu                                               PorBlair

Chennai                                            Jodhpur                                             Raipur
Cuttack                                              Jorhat                                     Ranchi

List of Services

Following are the services which one can opt for on qualifying the Civil Service Examination.

 All India Services

  • Indian Administrative Service
  • Indian Police Service

 Group A Services

  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service
  • Indian Corporate Law Service
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service
  • Indian Defence Estates Service
  • Indian Foreign Service
  • Indian Information Service
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service
  • Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service
  • Indian Postal Service
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service
  • Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax)
  • Indian Revenue Service (CBEC)
  • Indian Trade Service
  • Railway Protection Force

 Group B Services

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil ServiceDelhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil ServiceDelhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service
  • Pondicherry Civil Service
  • Pondicherry Police Service

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I owe Col Sir my seat in NDA. Had it not been you,I would have given up long back. I was not a gifted student,but I was willing to work hard. I am ever so grateful to you for your personal attention,time and efforts in shaping me up for this tough journey. Many students are prepared to persevere,but very few are able to achieve their goals. It is because of mentors like you who see education beyond business,and take personal initiative to inculcate values and motivate students when the time is right.
You are a wonderful human being.

Nadeem Chaudhary TES-35

Edge Acadmey was really helpful for NDA preparation. The materials provided in depth understanding of the concepts. The faculty were always ready to help us and cleared doubts anytime.Their valuable guidance helped me to prepare for the written as well as for SSB process. Online Examination Portal enhanced my preparation level.I thank all the faculty for their help and support right from the NDA written exam till the SSB process.

Amit Shukla NDA-136

I sincerely thank Col Pieush Agrawal and Dr. Sapna Agrawal, who gave me the much needed confidence and guidance to succeed in TES-SSB. I got conference-out in my earlier attempt but Sir's motivation and training kept me going. The personal interview sessions with Col Sir Sir helped me to gain clarity and identify the areas I should focus on during the actual interview.
Though I learn a lot from ground based GTO practice but digital GTO classes of Edge Academy took us on the next level of improvisation Thanks to Sir, whose classes are always informative, interesting and inspiring. It is because of the support, encouragement and guidance, provided by the Edge Academy faculties, that I got recommended in SSB from Allahabad.

Indresh Shukla TES-35

TES-34 was my first attempt for SSB interview. I have come a long way since then to get recommended. Col Sir and Ma'am both had taken a personal interest in me, and was always there to help me and cleared my doubts in personal interview.
Edge Academy has been very approachable & accommodating in helping me prepare for the Psychology, GTO and PI process. Study material proved immensely helpful in equipping me to handle my lecturettes.
Thank You very much Sir and Ma'am.

Robin Singh Bamel TES-34 AIR-137

“The difference between ordinary and extraordinary is that little extra.”
Cracking the numerous NDA admission tests is just one half of the journey. The other half, in my opinion, is the real test as the SSB interview stage is a battle among equals.
That little extra is what Edge Academy provided me. Edge Academy helped me out a great deal in my preparation for the crucial GTO and Psychological tests.
My experience with Edge Academy was very good as the faculty are extremely helpful and go the extra mile to help us aspirants crack the SSB. I would specifically like to thank Col Pieush Agrawal Sir and Dr. Sapna Agrawal Ma'am for all the help, guidance and support extended to me.

Dhruv Chaturvedi NDA-135 AIR-84

I got selected in the NDA-134 course. For this I have the Col Pieush Agrawal at Edge Academy to thank. Col. Pieush Sir is extremely knowledgeable and helpful. His dedication and commitment ensured many students like me cross the line and “BELL THE CAT”.
Col sir gave me a lot of inputs for my PI and they proved very useful before my actual interview at Allahabad SSB center. Dr Sapna Agrawal ma'am helped me with some tricky questions in my PIQ forms and answered several of my doubts even at odd hours.

Suraj Prakash Gupta NDA-134 AIR-398

“If you want to become an officer behave like an officer”-a very practical and true mantra given by Col. Sir which I followed during entire SSB duration at Bhopal. Col. Sir managed to give the very essence of SSB in a very short time. I have got NDA 6th rank and for this I thanks to Col. Sir and Dr. Sapna Agrawal for their guidance.

Madur Dubey NDA-131 AIR-6

I was preparing for SSB by myself but I was lucky to join Edge Academy. Col. Sir’s approach to the whole process of preparation for SSB added great value to my dream of becoming an Officer in Indian Army and assisted me to achieve empowered personality and confidence and my ability of speaking in public and conveying my ideas.

Kshitij Sharma NDA-132 AIR-13

Col. Sir and Sapna Ma’am both are personable, professional and expert with a high level of integrity. They always delivered the right solution at the right time with enthusiasm and a great work ethic, and were held in high regard across the students. I would have no hesitation in recommending for preparation of learning skills regardless to SSB .

Munesh Kaushik NDA-129 AIR-30

Always have a vision and keep improving upon yourself. SSB is about complete individual, about developing a dynamic personality and a positive attitude. They do not come overnight but are developed if you are willing and sincere. Col. Sir really works hard on developing every aspect of every student. SSB is about being a multi-focal person and that’s what is taught in EDGE ACADEMY.

Deeptanshu K. Kashyap TES-30 AIR-38

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